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Natural Stone Industry Glossary

Search Results: 31 Terms Found
DAB 
A process to dress the surface of a stone through the use of a sharp pointed hand tool.
DACITE 
A volcanic fine-grained extrusive rock somewhere in composition between the rhyolite and basalt.
DADO 
An architectural term that refers to the lower part of a wall, below waist height that has an ornamental covering including stone.
DAMP COURSE 
A layer of impermeable material laid to prevent moisture absorption in foundation walls.
DAMP PROOFING COURSE
A layer of impermeable material that prevents the entrance of moisture through both horizontal and vertical joints.
DAMP PROOFING 
The application of a coating compound that is impervious to water and moisture.
DEFLECTION 
The fluctuation a horizontal structure bends in the middle under stress.
DELAMINATION 
The result of a faulty lamination process that results in loss of adhesion, separation, or splitting.
DEPTH OF GLOSS 
The depth perceived when viewing reflective surfaces.
DESIGN 
The process and art of decorating or laying out an outdoor space, interior room or building.
DIABASE 
Holocrystalline sub volcanic rock that is deep gray to black.
DIE 
In masonry, the cover layer of stone on a vertical surface, as in from a wall to ceiling.
DIMENSIONAL STONE 
A natural building stone that has been cut into specific sizes and shapes for structures.
DIORITE 
A coarse-grained speckled igneous rock that is composed of plagioclase, hornblende and other mafic minerals.
DOLOMITE MARBLE 
A variety of limestone that contains in excess of 49% of magnesium carbonate.
DOLOMITE 
A translucent mineral comprised of carbonate of calcium and magnesium. Can also refer to the sedimentary rock formed by this naturally occurring compound.
DOLOMITIC LIMESTONE 
Found in ledge formations of limestone it is rich in magnesium carbonate available in a wide array of textures and color tones.
DOLOSTONE 
Also known as dolomite rock. A sedimentary carbonate rock that contains a high percentage of the mineral dolomite.
DOVETAIL ANCHOR 
A dovetail shaped slot that is connected to a concrete form.
DOVETAIL MOLDING 
A molding of a zig zag pattern that resembles dovetails.
DRESSED/HAND DRESSED 
Hand cut square or rectangular stones in rough chunks. Dressed typically means it is ready for installation.
DRESSING 
The squaring and shaping of stones, rocks, slabs and blocks for easy shipment and storage.
DRIP MOLD 
A projection from a cornice or sill that is designed to protect the area below from rainwater running down the face of a vertical surface.
DRIP 
The recess cut into a stone to divert water and throw it from the vertical surface.
DROVE 
Also known as a drove chisel. A masonry chisel with a broad edge used to dress and finish stones.
DRY PACK 
The process of placing a mud bed, concrete or mortar into a space by force.
DRY SEAM 
The unhealed natural or caused fracture in a stone that may show an inherent weakness.
DRY WALL
A stone wall that is constructed without the use of mortar.
DUAL FINISH 
Refers to the process of using two separate finishes in a single process for example a polished and a thermal.
DURABILITY 
The measurement of a products ability to resisting force, wear and tear.
DUTCHMAN 
A stone or piece of wood that is used to repair a larger area. It is specially crafted to ensure proper look and size.